This is the evaluation and intervention through interviews and tests on cognitive and relational deficits and on character and mental health changes that can typically arise with advancing age.
The elderly person is faced with three important tasks concerning social, biological and psychological aspects.
On the social level, the exit from the job role and the professional status that it entails can make it difficult to reorganize a strong sense of identity and a new everyday life.
For the elderly, the possibility of developing a social function plays a protective role and the lack of it can lead to a condition of desperation and loss of a sense of life.
Furthermore, retirement often is associated with a lower income with repercussions both on the psychological level and on social interactions. In fact, the lower monthly amount available often triggers a negative impact on expenses considered less relevant, such as trips, dinners to restaurants, outings with friends.
In cases of institutionalization, the elderly finds himself, even more, in dealing with a negative social status and with the loss of all those tasks that made him feel alive and productive.
Helping the elderly person to feel useful through operative activities (painting, folding clothes, watering, setting up), according to the individual possibilities, is fundamental.
The commitment creates in the elderly the solicitation of various mental and physical activities and the perception of still having a social function.
At the mental level, the commitment stimulates attention, memory, concentration, reasoning, language, intelligence and all the other mental abilities that we automatically start when we start doing something.
At a psychological level, commitment means feeling useful, feeling that you can do something more and this has a positive effect on self-esteem. Moreover, in this way, the family or the operator shows confidence and interest in the elderly because it conveys consideration and attention.
Another important aspect is that being active and productive limits depressive and anxious thoughts, because the mind is engaged in something else, and increases the mood.
At the social level, performing a task, in the case of interaction, stimulates socialization, mutual understanding and the positive feeling of what is being experienced.